About cannabis

Find out about cannabis (cannabis), its uses, and types.

The Cannabis that is new Act its supporting regulations came into force on October 17, 2018. Discover more about Cannabis in Canada.

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Cannabis as well as its elements

Cannabis is the plant Cannabis sativa. The cannabis plant initially originates from Asia. Its now grown around the globe, including in Canada.

Chemical compounds in cannabis

Cannabis contains hundreds of chemical compounds. Over 100 among these are referred to as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are stored and made within the plant’s trichomes. Trichomes are small, clear hairs that stand out from the plants and leaves associated with the plant. Cannabinoids have actually results on mobile receptors when you look at the body and brain. They could change just how those cells behave and talk to one another.

The absolute most cannabinoid that is researched delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is in charge of the real method your head and body react to cannabis, like the high and intoxication. THC has many therapeutic results but it addittionally has side effects. Harmful impacts could be greater whenever energy of THC is higher.

The effectiveness ( strength or concentration) of THC in cannabis is usually shown as a percentage of THC by fat (or by level of an oil). THC effectiveness in dried cannabis has grown from on average 3% within the 1980s to around 15% today. Some strains may have an average up to 30% THC.

Cannabis which contains low quantities of THC with its plants and leaves (not as much as 0.3%) is categorized as hemp.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is another cannabinoid. Unlike THC, CBD will not create a top or intoxication. There was some proof that CBD may block or reduced several of the consequences of THC regarding the brain. This might happen once the level of CBD within the cannabis is the identical or more compared to amount of THC. CBD can also be being examined because of its feasible uses that are therapeutic.


Terpenes are chemicals made and kept into the trichomes for the cannabis plant, with all the cannabinoids. Terpenes give cannabis its distinctive odor.

Exactly just How cannabis is employed

The cannabis plant is employed because of its impacts in the head. It’s also employed for medical, social or spiritual purposes. Marijuana is just a slang what is cbd term for the flowers that are dried leaves, stems and seeds regarding the cannabis plant.

Cannabis could be used other ways, by:

  • cigarette smoking:
    • bones or spliffs (cannabis rolled in tobacco cigarette paper)
      • which could be combined with tobacco
    • pipelines and bongs (a form of pipeline)
    • blunts (partially or entirely hollowed out cigar wrappers filled with cannabis)
  • Eating or drinking:
    • teas
    • carbonated drinks
    • cannabis oil
    • baked items
  • vaporizing and vaping (sucking in dried cannabis or liquid cannabis vapours by way of a vaporizer or vaping unit)
  • dabbing (sucking in hot vapours from heating cannabis concentrates)

Outcomes of the 2017 Canadian Cannabis Survey supply a snapshot of just just how much cannabis Canadians usage, how frequently they use it, plus in exactly just what form.

The various types of cannabis

Many cannabis products come from or could be made utilizing the plants and leaves associated with the cannabis plant. Dependent on how they were created, these items can have a range of potencies of THC (and CBD). Dining dining Table 1 lists the primary kinds of cannabis and typical potencies of THC.

Note: Not all types of cannabis are yet designed for appropriate purchase underneath the Cannabis Act that came into force on 17, 2018 october. The Cannabis Act currently allows the purchase of:

  • cannabis oil
  • fresh cannabis
  • dried cannabis
  • cannabis plant seeds
  • cannabis flowers

Edible cannabis, cannabis extracts and cannabis topicals should be readily available for legal sale no later than 17, 2019 october.