To my journey across Russia by train we passed through many tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each major bridge.

And guard homes at every tunnel portal.

I stumbled upon A russian railfan forum, where in actuality the cause for these protection measures ended up being mentioned.

VeschiiOleg had written: as an example, the method of any severe connection is enclosed by way of an area of alienation with barbed wire, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway bridge, as an example. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but about what foundation have you been using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg published: ВОХРовец, in line with the statute regarding the guard solution they don’t have legal rights to go out of the center, those due to the territory he ought not to leave. But to call the police – easily. And then they will be right if on the fence, there are inscriptions about the prohibition of filming.

Just what exactly will be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them since:

Specialised state departmental armed devices accountable for protecting structures, structures, cars, and cargo from unlawful attacks. They will have the best to make use of army and service firearms, as well as solution dogs, handcuffs, rubber batons, and strips that are spike to end automobiles. Officials of state protection that is departmental by federal state figures) have actually the best to draw up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual queries, examine products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded because of the Code of Administrative Offences regarding the Russian Federation.

The Railways that is russian are by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport associated with the Russian Federation) – who describe by themselves as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries down its tasks based on the Resolution for the federal federal federal Government regarding the Russian Federation of 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport. june”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport for the Russian Federation” for pretty much 90 years has guaranteed the security for the cargo being transported, the security of items therefore the fire security of railway transportation into the interests for the state, residents in addition to business “RZhD” all across the steel highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the protection that is departmental of railway transport has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 items of railway infrastructure protected, including a lot more than 1900 most significant people.

A lot more than 400 fire inspectors perform fire prevention at fixed facilities and rolling stock. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of capabilities that are tactical eradicate emergencies with dangerous products.

Additionally they showcase their work protecting bridges that are major.

As well as railway tunnels.

So just why are such security that is extensive set up?

Someone for A russian railway forum asked similar concern, and received different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko The undeniable fact that the railway bridges are incredibly heavily guarded is understandable, no one doubts this is certainly necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: exactly why are car bridges not too zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in the eventuality of a major accident in the rail such as for example connection collapse, the effects will soon be a lot more significant in comparison to a road connection. Any vehicle may have time for you ahead stop seeing regarding the barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more many than train connection, it is therefore impractical to protect all of the bridges (how to locate a lot of guards).

Novikov S.V. It really is easier for road cars to get a detour, or engineering troops can erect a pontoon bridge that is temporary. Blowing up a railway connection means complete paralysis associated with the path before the bridge is wholly restored.

Sura i am aware that people are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge throughout the river that is small be restored in an exceedingly quick room from pre-prepared sets. Really, that is why they may not be protected.

But this Russian-language article in Евразия Вести suggests a more most most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value had been underneath the security associated with the army division; security of “external purchase, deanery and general public safety” had been completed by areas of the railway guard additionally the authorities. Cargoes, home and means had been underneath the proper care of watchmen, have been in complete subordination to those whose good that they had protected.

The protection of railways and the increase of their efficiency” in order to strengthen the leadership, in March 1918 a special decree was adopted “On the centralisation of management. The Office of Protection was established by the decree of the government of July 17 of the same year, under the People’s Commissariat of Railways ( NKPS.

The squad on the floor included transportation specialists. They fought decisively against stowaways and the ones whom attempted to transport products without re re payment, as well as monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the true quantity of security staff to 70 thousand individuals.

The authorities could not tolerate theft and chaos in the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits along with other criminal element.

The NKPS had been forced to simply just take measures that are extreme. In the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed non-military protection. In terms of bridges as well as other structures maybe perhaps maybe not guarded by troops, along with railway songs, they went beneath the tutelage of regional authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some few propaganda videos

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection within the Volga River in the Kuybyshev Railway.


Ministry of Railways for the USSR directive No-298y «Типовые решения по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for protection on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security of this Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around limited areas.

According to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries of this area that is restricted protected by way of a barbed cable fence (tape or inter inter inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Into the landscapes, they have been designated by indicators 2 m high above the floor surface, installed over the fence line from inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure regarding the limited area can be arranged gates and wickets. Relative to clause 2.2.3, in the view articles, led (rotary) floodlights associated with PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are made to raise the equipping for the landscapes beyond your limited area. In accordance with paragraph 4.1, articles when it comes to security of synthetic structures.

As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising the actions of Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport associated with Federation that is russian 21 September 2010 specifies one other safety features needed.

Based on clause 2.4.1 associated with manual a security system is made to supply security when it comes to object that is protected which include: guard, posts, sales, areas and tracks, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical method of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should offer the guard: an acceptable summary of all chapters of the post and also the area that is surrounding enough lighting associated with the ways to the thing, its most significant points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of protection gear and guards; latin brides the alternative of centralised handling of the complete illumination system or a small grouping of fixtures, as well as in necessary instances, split lights (projectors).

Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a safety lighting system, technical safety gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard articles, protective structures. With respect to the nature for the item together with conditions of their location, the fence is created all over border associated with site together with boundaries of this restricted areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it should be considered so it must certanly be rectilinear, without unneeded bends observation that is limiting no less than one . 5 meters in height. To it must not adjoin any structures. The approaches to the post and the protected object should be illuminated so that the sentry, being on the post or moving along the site of the post, was in the shade in the darkness of the day. Prior to the procedure that is established protection illumination should offer lighting in the boundaries.